|Kitchen Garden - Organic Gardening for Self Sufficiency - William Dire Wolff|
The kitchen garden is small garden, located close to the house/kitchen. On a commercial farm. this is the part of the garden allocated for personal use, as opposed to sale. The kitchen garden is the perfect place for a small herb garden. Sunflowers, calendulas, pansies, nasturtiums, and violas are examples of edible flowers. Other flowers, such as marigolds, help to ward of insects. Perennial plants (plants that live longer than two years) such as Strawberries and Asparagus, also find their own special patches in the kitchen garden. Annual plants (plants that live only one year) should be rotated to different beds, from year to year. The kitchen garden is convenient place for cooks to get fresh produce.
This is also a good place to use French Intensive Gardening techniques, such as French Intensive Bio-Dynamic Beds. French Intensive planting uses the least amount of space as possible. Row crops are planted to allow a tractor or person to walk down the rows between plants, in order to allow weeding and other plant maintenance. Since the plants are planted together in 3 foot wide beds, the row spacing on the back of the seed package is not used. Instead each plant is spaced only according to the seed spacing on the back of the seed package.
When planning the lay-out of the beds, you need walkways, access for wheel barrows, and plan how to move water hoses around the garden. The garden should receive full sunlight, for as many hours a day as possible. Garden soil needs good drainage.
Carrots, lettuce, beets, and other plants with very small seeds, require thinning. The seeds are planted in a row. After the seeds sprout, the small carrots are thinned to allow the remaining carrots to grow to their full potential size. The little carrots, radishes, beet greens, etc, can be cleaned and added to salads. The seed package contains suggested plant spacing the seeds will be thinned to.
The chart below shows a possible lay-out for a Kitchen Garden. The plants are arranged based on my ideas of companion planting. There are many books and references for companion planting and seed spacing guidelines.
Herbs and Edible Flowers for the Kitchen Garden
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